The size of a country’s armed forces largely depends on its population. The United States, for instance, has 1.2 million active personnel protecting its 323 million citizens. Small countries like Singapore, however, only have a couple of thousands of citizens actively serving in the military, making national defence a bit more complicated. How do they get around this logistical problem?
Conscription for Male Singaporeans and 2nd-Generation Permanent Residents
Because of Singapore’s relatively small population of fewer than 6 million, its government implements a conscription policy. Conscription requires all male Singaporean citizens and second-generation permanent residents to serve in the uniformed services for two years. Its primary goal is to help small countries build a sizable reserve defence force.
Depending on a person’s physical fitness, they will serve a two-year period either in the Armed Forces, Police Force, or the Civil Defence Force. Citizens can cut two months off their National Service if they get a silver or gold for your NAPFA or physical fitness test before enlistment, however.
Other nations with a relatively small population, including Israel and South Korea, also impose conscription laws.
SAF Volunteer Corps for Females and 1st-Generation Permanent Residents
While women and first-generation permanent residents are exempt from National Service, they have them the chance to serve their country through the SAF Volunteer Corps program. Through it, they can do their part in defending the country.
After signing up, volunteers wear military fatigues and undergo a four-week course to familiarise themselves on military life. If they pass the training, they would be required to serve up to two weeks every year for at least three years.
Singapore is a small country with only 5.3 million residents. To establish a strong defence force, they implement conscription and allow others to join the SAF Volunteer Corps.